A Little Datsun Truck History
For the past decades, Nissan has shaped and reshaped the American truck market. It was roughly 40 years ago when a small Japanese automobile manufacture imported a new model to the United States. The Datsun Pickup was not just a new vehicle; it represented an entirely new concept, The compact or mini truck. And today the compact trucks are among the best-selling vehicles in the United States. It was in 1959 that Nissan introduced its compact truck amongst the gas-guzzling beasts from the domestic manufactures. With these giants powered by V8 engines came treble gas mileage amid a oil driven society. Emerged the Datsun 1000 compact pickup truck, the first truck of its kind. It was a vision opposite the beast. A vision of better things to come with it's 1000cc 37-horsepower four-cylinder engine and quarter-ton payload capacity. The truck was soon upgraded to a 1200cc 60-horsepower engine. The revised Datsun 320 pickup hit the American ports in 1961, but it wasn't until the introduction of the Datsun 520 that caused sales to jump to historic proportions.
In 1965 Datsun broke into the top ten, in sixth place with passenger cars sales of 13,201. To this number should be added 5514 Datsun trucks, of a total of 18,715 vehicles altogether. This represented 2.3 percent of the import passenger cars and 39 percent of the import trucks sold in the United Stated for those years. It was a very rugged small unit and it appealed to a lot of dealers up in the Northwest area. It was the grow in this area that built the foundation for the Datsun name. It was the truck that started the whole company in the US. The truck business actually brought the company to grow into a passenger car business once the public and the dealers realized the durability of the Datsun products.
The success of the Datsun compact truck drew the attention of other manufactures. To stay ahead of the competition Datsun continued to make improvements in handling, ruggedness. Comfort, and safety. The Company developed a series of breakthroughs innovations that have become standard in today's marketplace. In 1969, the Datsun truck became the first half-ton compact pickup. In 1975, the Datsun trucks offered the first long bed. In 1977, the Datsun trucks the first King Cab extended-cab compact truck was introduced; and in 1978, Datsun front disc brake along with electronic ignition became standard. The latter of the four options became available during the fourth generation of the Datsun truck, The Datsun 620 in production from 1972 of 1979.
The Datsun 620 Pickup was introduced in 1972 (as a 1973 model, with a few, rare 72½ exceptions) as the replacement for the PL521 pickup. The original 620 (the PL620) was equipped with a 4 cyl, 96 HP OHC engine known as the L16, which featured a dual-point distributor for better pollution control. The 1973 PL620 was availible in one style in North America, with the high-trim version known as the "L'il Hustler". The 620 sold extremely well in 1973, due to the OPEC oil embargo.
In 1974 the engine was replaced by the 1.8 Liter L18, with 108 HP, which reverted back to a single-point distributor. In 1975 the engine was again replaced with the 112 HP L20B engine, and the model designation was changed to HL620. The 1975 620 was availible as either a regular length or longbed version. In 1976 the King Cab was introduced. In 1978, front disc brakes were added and electronic ignition became standard. The Datsun 620 was discontinued mid-year 1979 and was replaced by the 720-series pickup.
The Datsun 620 was availible with either a 4 speed manual or 3 speed automatic transmission. A 5-speed manual was availible starting in 1977.
Outwardly, there are few differences in the look and style of the 620 pickup from year to year. The most obvious exterior difference on the 72-73 620 is the side logo, which reads "DATSUN 1600", whereas all the other years simply read "DATSUN". The grille is slightly modified starting in 1977, being somewhat thicker and less prone to damage. Inside, the 75 and later 620's had retractable seatbelts. The 1974 and newer trucks had both MPH and KPH calibrations. The arrangement of idiot lights changed in 1974, being slightly larger. Lastly, the 1975 and newer trucks had a seatbelt warning lamp and buzzer.
The 620 was also availible outside North America. The various market versions were also virtually identical in apperance, but are equipped with the smaller J13 and J15 engines. A version of the 620 never sold in North America was the Double Pickup. The Double Pickup was basically a passenger car (4-seater) with a small rear cargo bed instead of a trunk. It had unibody construction and a passenger car suspension, but shared the same drivetrain, front appearence, and dashboard layout as the regular pickup. The British version was also availible as a 1-ton, wheras the North American ones were normally 1/2 ton.
There were very few options available on the 620 sold in the US- aside from the 3 body styles (Shortbed, Longbed, Kingcab) you could get as options an AM radio (later models, especially the Deluxe King Cab could be found with an AM/FM stereo), a dash clock (thought by some to be the rarest 620 option), an Air Conditioner (Dealer-installed early but was a factory option later) and a Tachometer (a favorite upgrade for many 620 owners). Interior colors for the seat and door panels were limited to Black (the most common) and Beige (a rare few King Cabs even had beige dashboards). Exterior colors were pastel colors- Orange, Green, Yellow, Red, Blue, White, and Beige, though some later ones were sold in metallics (mostly blue and silver). Quite a few got striping and other upgrades apart from the "Li'l Hustler".www.worldaccessnet.com/~dcmurphy/620/620specs.htm
Não consegui obter informações relativas à versão portuguesa e à motorização diesel, senão me engano SD25.
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Cumps Edited by: Umtali at: 27/10/07 23:36