AJA - Amigos dos Japoneses Antigos

Área pública => Galeria de Modelos => Tópico iniciado por: Kaizen em 18 de Agosto de 2003, 04:56

Título: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: Kaizen em 18 de Agosto de 2003, 04:56
As informações neste primeiro post foram cedidas pelo forum Contra-brecagem.com.



Lexus (brand name)
Daihatsu - 51.2%
Hino (truck) - 33.8%


Headquarters : Toyota City, Aichi.

Assembly plants in Japan (most of them in Toyota City) :
- Honsha (truck/bus)
- Motomachi (Crown, RAV4, Ipsum)
- Takaoka (Corolla, Tercel, Paseo, Prius)
- Tsutsumi (Camry, ES300, Corona, Mark II)
- Tahara (Crown, GS300, LS400, Carina, Celica, RAV4, Land Cruiser)
- Kyushu (RX300)

European plants :
- Burnaston, UK : produces Avensis and Corolla

NA plants :
- NUMMI, US : joint venture of GM to produce Corolla (i.e., Geo Prizm)
- Kentucky, US : produces Camry, Avalon, Sienna, Solara.
- TMMC, Canada : produces Corolla

Asian plants :
- Indonesia : Crown, Corona, Corolla, Starlet, Land Cruiser
- Thailand : Corona, Corolla.

Australia plant : Camry, Corolla

South Africa plant : produces Corolla, Camry, Land Cruiser.

R&D center : Toyota City (head office), Mishuku (Susono City), Zaventem (Belgium), Ann Arbor (Michigan, USA)

Proving ground : Onnebetsu (Shibetsu City),

Design studio : Tokyo, Zaventem (Belgium), Calty (Newport Beach, California, USA)

Brief History

In 1937, the Toyota Motor Co. Ltd (TMC) was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda as a spin-off from Toyoda Automatic Loom Works. The first car, AA, was launched a year before. It was based on Chrysler Airflow’s design but with some Chevrolet’s input.

But the real growth started in the late 50’s - From 1955 to 1961, production scaled up by 10 folds to 211,000 cars per year. The Crown of 1955 was the first car entirely developed by itself. In 1966, the Corolla was launched as the best seller in its line-up for the following 30 years. In 1972, the company’s annual production exceeded the 1 million mark. The 2 million mark was reached 4 years later. Economy boom during those 2 decades benefited all Japanese car makers, but Toyota’s unique production system, including the "just in time" parts delivering system, established a solid status as Japan’s biggest car maker, consistently beating arch-rival Nissan (Datsun).

The domestic factories in Toyota City reached their peak in 1990, with over 4 million cars produced that year. Hitting by world-wide recession and the call for protectionism in the US, Toyota had to move more production to overseas, mostly in the US, and reduce domestic production. The Camry, being built in the Kentucky plant, became America’s best seller since 1997. The Corolla continues to be the world’s biggest selling car.

The biggest achievement in recent years is the establishment of the Lexus brand, which is a luxurious car division competing with Mercedes and BMW. Launched in 1989, the LS400 immediately outsold its competitors in the US.

Famous models

2000GT - its first sports car
MR2 mk1 - Toyota's Midle engine rwd.
LS400 - Japan's first attempt to challenge Mercedes-Benz. A real success.







Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: Nuno toyotista em 05 de Setembro de 2003, 06:29
Location Jelcz-Laskowice, Republic of Poland
Name Toyota Motor Industries Poland Spzo.o
President Satoshi Kaseda
Share Distribution TMEM* : 60%; TICO: 40%
Product Lineup 2.0-Litre diesel engines for the TMUK/TMMT Corolla and the TMUK Avensis  
Production Volume 150.000 units/year (planned)
Site Area Approx. 300.000m2
Floor Space Approx. 30.000m2
Investment €170 million
Date of Establishment October 2002
Start of Production Beginning of 2004
Number of Employees 396

Location Nehirkent / Adapazari, Turkey
Established July 1990
Product Lineup Corolla Sedan / Corolla Station Wagon
Start of Production September 1994
Capacity & Production Data 100,000 units a year
Investment €252 million
Share Distribution Toyota Motor Europe Manufacturing 90;
Mitsui & Co., Ltd. 10%  
Employees 2,021
Site Area / Floor Space 824,000m2 / 146,000m2
Start of Exports February 2002
President & CEO Koji Kobayashi

               PASSENGER CAR PLANT
Location Burnaston, Derbyshire
Models Produced Avensis 4-door / 5-door / wagon-
Corolla 3-door / 5-door  
Site Area 2.35 million m²
Investment £1.1billion
Production Start 16 December 1992
2001 Production 156,000 units (Avensis : 111,000 and Corolla : 45,000)
2002 Production 211,000 units (Avensis : 72,600 and Corolla : 138,400)
Manufacturing Processes Pressing of body panels, welding, painting, plastic mouldings, assembly  
Employees 3,885

                      ENGINE PLANT
Location Deeside, Flintshire, North Wales
Engines Produced 1.4l, 1.6l, 1.8l engines with VVT-i, 2.0I Diesel engine
1.0I, 1.3I, 1.4I, 1.6I machined engine parts for assembly
Site Area 0.48 million m²
Investment £600m
Production Start 8 September 1992
2001 Production 173,000 units
2002 Production 353,000 units
Manufacturing Processes Machining, assembly, testing, aluminium casting
Employees 759

                                 TMUK FACTS

From a global viewpoint, Toyota's philosophy is to localise production so as to provide customers with the products they need where they need them. TMUK's role is to support that philosophy and to manufacture vehicles for the European market. To ensure that vehicles manufactured in the UK maintain Toyota's worldwide reputation for quality, the renowned 'Toyota Production System' (TPS) is employed. Based on the key principles of standardisation, Just-in-Time and Kaizen, the system allows for production to be achieved in continuous flow to meet customer demand whenever and wherever that may be. TPS incorporates the ability, through process design, to build in quality at every stage - Awards: ISO 90002

Purchasing Activities
£875 million
TMUK's contribution to UK's balance of payments in 2001 was in excess of £460 million

Senior Management
Dr Shuhei Toyoda, Director
Alan Jones, Chairman
Bryan Jackson, Managing Director
Kenji Kushida, Deputy Managing Director
Hiroshi Nakamura, Deputy Managing Director
Carl Klemm, Director

Edited by: Nuno toyotista  at: 5/9/03 0:40
Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: CelicaGTI em 07 de Outubro de 2003, 18:24

Toyota 2000 GT                      1966-1970                    339
Toyota Corolla                        1966-1970               859.000
Toyota Corona                        1965-1972            1.788.000
Toyota Crown De Luxe             1969-1971               352.882
Toyota Sports 800                   1965-1969                 3.131
Toyota Starlet                        1978-1984              950.691

Título: Re: Então onde tá o meu Celica?
Enviado por: kombota em 31 de Dezembro de 2004, 17:46
Toyota History ... em francês, mas muito interessante e resumida.


Título: Re: Então onde tá o meu Celica?
Enviado por: kombota em 17 de Abril de 2005, 02:35


Título: Símbolos da Toyota Motor Co.
Enviado por: ThE CrOw CsC em 15 de Outubro de 2005, 05:36
Os vários símbolos Toyota:







Toyota F1 Team:

Retirado de: Toyotistas Portugal - Secção de Modelos e História - Símbolos Toyota

Um agradecimento ao FastPeter pelo trabalho a fazer o tópico original.

ravenboy.blogspot.com/ -------- O meu blog!!!!! Comentários necessários SFF!

Título: Re: Então onde tá o meu Celica?
Enviado por: Cortina Team em 22 de Novembro de 2005, 20:10


Título: Re: Símbolos da Toyota Motor Co.
Enviado por: kombota em 21 de Maio de 2006, 03:08
Museu Toyota


Edited by: kombota at: 18/8/06 9:01
Título: Nicknames de alguns modelos Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 18 de Agosto de 2006, 14:02
Por Rviper:

Retirado do Club4AG:

Model Designation Nicknames of Japan

Ni Nana  (TE27) -  Corolla / Sprinter  (1972~1974)

San Nana (TE37) - Corolla  (1975~1977) Sprinter (TE47)

Nana Ichi  (TE71) - Corolla / Sprinter  (1978~1983)

Hachi Roku  (AE86) - Corolla Levin / Sprinter Trueno / Corolla GT-S (USA) (1985~1987)

Kyuu Nee (AE92) - Corolla Levin / Sprinter Trueno / Corolla GT-S (USA)  (1988~1991)

Toichi  (AE101) - Corolla Levin/ Sprinter Trueno  (1992~1995)

Tsura Ichi  (AE111) - Corolla Levin/ Sprinter Trueno (1996~Present)

Keh-Pee - (KP61) - Last rear-drive Starlet

Ee Dabu - (AW11) - MR2 (1985~1990)

Esu Dabu - (SW20) - MR2 (1991~Present)

Daruma - (TA/RA 22) First generation Celica (1971~1977)

Gokiburi - (TA/RA/MA 30/40) ugly Celica, Supra, XX (1978~1981)

Kaku kaku - (TA/RA/MA 60) Celica, Supra, XX (1982~1987)


Toyota Freak Acronyms and Jargons

AFM - an air flow metering device used to measure volume of induction...the "magic box" perpetually fiddled by some Club 4AG visitors in relentless search for MO POWER but with not much progress nor positive results.

Blue Hat/ Blue Top - the first generation 4A-GE engine made primarily for the AE86 and AW11, distinguished by blue "1600" written on the valve cover.  Let's not use this as it can be misleading due to many swapped out covers...(see "red hat")

Black Top - the refined 1996 version of the 20V 4A-GE with higher rev limit and lighter components, has black valve covers and runs on MAP sensor

Boro Hachi - 1. a AE86 in really bad shape   2. a AE86 used solely for thrashing in the canyons passes to develop driving skills.  3. AE86 after a SCCA Pro Rally event.  4. AE86 after any rally event.  5. Sam Hsu's duo of AE86's.  6. Any AE86 after driven by Sam Hsu (Racer X).

ECT, ECTs - An automatic transmission shift-point selection device used on some cars.  If anyone found higher mileage by using Economy mode...please e-mail me as I couldn't tell!  It just shifted earlier during partial throttle but not when Floored!  Maybe that's why I couldn't tell...  Oh, well...

ESC - Electronic Stability Control - another Lexus feature (more useful) which uses the TCS and ABS in conjunction to stabilize a new Lexus which is on the verge of losing control.  It effectively stabilizes the car during bad drifting attempts too.  A must for your $60,000 investment but Mercedes version, the VSC (Vehicle Stability Control) works better.  It makes Club 4AG visitors dangerous drivers due to their need to experiment with  new systems.  Sam Hsu (Racer X), a regular visitor, being one victim.

GOA - Current body strengthening technique used by Toyota to achieve higher structural rigidity. It's the reason Sam Hsu lives tell the tale.

LSD, Non Suri - Limited Slip Differential (see "Tech Reference: LSD")

Rear End - 1. A differential housing for rear drive cars  2. a rear differential gear set or ratio.  3. a bad rear collision induced by a Club 4AG visitor upon another's car or wife.

Red Hat / Red Top - the second generation of 4A-GE engine for the AE92, is distinguished by its red lettering on the valve cover.  Two versions exist and later models have 4-port Non TVIS head and higher compression pistons.

Silver Top - the third complete iteration of the 4A-GE featured the first 20 Valve head with  4 individual throttle body and VVT, a variable cam timing mechanism.
Super Strut - A multi-link strut used on some AE101 and all AE111 and Celica ST205.  The system improved cornering stability and turn-in response but made them real headache for alignment shops.  

TCS - Toyota Traction Control System - a traction control device utilizing intake choking device to quickly reduce power to minimize wheel spin and make a car really dull to drive.  But necessary for any Lexus owners who like gadgets they can switch on and off.  Similar in purpose to heated mirrors, heated seats, auto dim mirrors, Lexus cellular phone, Nakamichi 12 disc sound, Opti-tron Display and a thousand other stuff exclusive to the Lexus LS 400 lineup.

TEMS (PEGASUS) - Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension - a Toyota suspension shock damper which can be controlled from the cockpit.  Soft/ Normal/ Hard can be selected for driving conditions.  Some systems were controlled automatically by the on-board computers.  It was a headache for most users who bought the car used as replacement shocks were expensive and the systems were really a predecessor to the Lexus gadget overloading.  It never was all that "Sport" anyway...

TTE, Toyota Team Europe - an organization heavily funded by Toyota in Europe who organizes and runs a myriad of competitions including Le Mans 24hrs and FIA World Rally Championships.  TTE was given a mission to win the WRC with the bloated ST165~205 Celica's.  Increased competition and after spending tons of dollars, Toyota finally listens to them and gives them a Corolla, which they should have used in the first place.  They are looking good for the 1999 season for both Le Mans and WRC.

TVIS - "Tee Vees", Toyota Variable Induction System...a 4A-GE intake system where secondary intake ports to each cylinder are opened and closed for improved engine characteristics.

VTEC - A Honda system which Toyota will finally catch up to in the 2000 Celica GTS, where cam timing, duration, and lift are altered for maximum power and drivability.  Similar to Mitsubishi's MIVEC, Mitsubishi Intelligent Valve-train Electronic Control.

VVT, VVTi - Variable Valve Timing - Toyota system employing hydraulic actuators to change cam timing at specific engine speed for improved response.  Systems followed by an "i" (VVTi) are controlled more diligently by feedbacks from other peripheral sensors and ECU intelligence.  (Dual VVTi) was introduced in the Altezza in Japan, and controls both intake and exhaust cams.  The (VVTLi) is the latest system using the variable lift and timing much like the Honda's VTEC mechanism.  

Título: Nicknames de alguns modelos Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 18 de Agosto de 2006, 15:07
Por Rviper:

Kyuu Nee

 Agora percebo  o que o Japonês estava a dizer no IV Informal Lx em frente ao AE92 do SPDragon! :[fun]    

Edited by: kombota at: 18/8/06 9:08
Título: Re: Símbolos da Toyota Motor Co.
Enviado por: kombota em 21 de Agosto de 2006, 13:43


Título: Re: Nicknames de alguns modelos Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 22 de Agosto de 2006, 15:50
A História da Toyota nas pistas


Título: Re: Nicknames de alguns modelos Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 07 de Setembro de 2006, 21:24

Do melhor que já vi até hoje sobre a Toyota...

Para quem quiser "perder" algum tempo neste site vai encontrar muita informação disponivél.


Título: Re: Nicknames de alguns modelos Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 17 de Outubro de 2006, 16:08
wikipedia - Toyota


Título: Re: Nicknames de alguns modelos Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 30 de Julho de 2007, 20:56


Título: Re: Carrinhas
Enviado por: kombota em 30 de Julho de 2007, 21:04


Título: Re: Nicknames de alguns modelos Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 17 de Agosto de 2007, 22:28

Este link é mesmo muito bom!!!


Edited by: kombota at: 17/8/07 16:28
Título: Re: Nicknames de alguns modelos Toyota
Enviado por: cgodinho em 02 de Abril de 2008, 08:44
publicidade toyota


        ----  Muscle Celica TA22ST  ----

Sócio AJA n.º15

Título: Swiss Toyota Museum
Enviado por: kombota em 16 de Abril de 2008, 03:19


Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: Fast Peter em 20 de Junho de 2008, 13:12
Já há muito tempo não passava pelos AJA, espero que este seja o local indicado para deixar estas imagens.  ;)

Revista "Toyota Family - Fevereiro de 1988

(http://img340.imageshack.us/img340/9730/01ic3.th.jpg) (http://img340.imageshack.us/my.php?image=01ic3.jpg)
(http://img520.imageshack.us/img520/6091/02nn0.th.jpg) (http://img520.imageshack.us/my.php?image=02nn0.jpg)(http://img171.imageshack.us/img171/4040/03wp4.th.jpg) (http://img171.imageshack.us/my.php?image=03wp4.jpg)
(http://img171.imageshack.us/img171/8343/04fl7.th.jpg) (http://img171.imageshack.us/my.php?image=04fl7.jpg)(http://img213.imageshack.us/img213/4824/05lj1.th.jpg) (http://img213.imageshack.us/my.php?image=05lj1.jpg)
(http://img72.imageshack.us/img72/2175/06kz9.th.jpg) (http://img72.imageshack.us/my.php?image=06kz9.jpg)(http://img504.imageshack.us/img504/5104/07xc2.th.jpg) (http://img504.imageshack.us/my.php?image=07xc2.jpg)
(http://img412.imageshack.us/img412/6867/08nz8.th.jpg) (http://img412.imageshack.us/my.php?image=08nz8.jpg)(http://img183.imageshack.us/img183/2869/09nk9.th.jpg) (http://img183.imageshack.us/my.php?image=09nk9.jpg)
(http://img516.imageshack.us/img516/8585/10fz8.th.jpg) (http://img516.imageshack.us/my.php?image=10fz8.jpg)(http://img208.imageshack.us/img208/7526/11cq7.th.jpg) (http://img208.imageshack.us/my.php?image=11cq7.jpg)
(http://img144.imageshack.us/img144/4445/12wl3.th.jpg) (http://img144.imageshack.us/my.php?image=12wl3.jpg)(http://img184.imageshack.us/img184/6135/13am9.th.jpg) (http://img184.imageshack.us/my.php?image=13am9.jpg)
(http://img128.imageshack.us/img128/9131/14gl5.th.jpg) (http://img128.imageshack.us/my.php?image=14gl5.jpg)(http://img379.imageshack.us/img379/148/15ek6.th.jpg) (http://img379.imageshack.us/my.php?image=15ek6.jpg)
(http://img72.imageshack.us/img72/6192/16jk0.th.jpg) (http://img72.imageshack.us/my.php?image=16jk0.jpg)(http://img514.imageshack.us/img514/6862/17so7.th.jpg) (http://img514.imageshack.us/my.php?image=17so7.jpg)
(http://img232.imageshack.us/img232/5875/18cv5.th.jpg) (http://img232.imageshack.us/my.php?image=18cv5.jpg)(http://img232.imageshack.us/img232/4415/19nu9.th.jpg) (http://img232.imageshack.us/my.php?image=19nu9.jpg)


Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 30 de Outubro de 2008, 07:22
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1fr3u_sl-E&feature=related (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1fr3u_sl-E&feature=related)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKpTt_24jWY&feature=related (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKpTt_24jWY&feature=related)

Nelson (kombota)
Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: RSilva em 05 de Dezembro de 2008, 13:51
 Pessoal encontrei este site, que se calhar já conhecem mas que para mim foi um achado!
Tem muita informação sobre os modelos nomeadamente as cores de cada modelo e por ano, para além dos catálogos da época!
 Espero não estar a fazer figura de iniciante (que sou).
Título: 4AELU engine
Enviado por: kombota em 27 de Abril de 2009, 15:22

This was the first engine in the world to use a lean burn combustion control system with a lean mixture sensor. It was mounted on the Toyota Carina FF 4-door sedan released in May 1984.
The lean mixture sensor was provided in the exhaust system to detect air-fuel ratios leaner than the theoretical air-fuel ratio. The fuel injection volume was then accurately controlled by a computer using this detection signal to achieve lean air-fuel ratio feedback.
For optimal combustion, the following items were applied: program independent injection that accurately changed the injection volume and timing for individual cylinders, platinum plugs for improving ignition performance with lean mixtures, and high performance igniters. Other features included stable lean mixture combustion at an air-fuel ratio of 23 or more by improving the engine body (such as by adding a swirl control valve), and the lowest fuel consumption in the 1600 cc class (17.0 km/l (10 mode)).

Nelson (kombota)
Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: kombota em 28 de Julho de 2011, 14:36

Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: RuisukeSan em 28 de Julho de 2012, 11:53
Um motor atual (só "falha" nas emissões) passados 28 anos...   :clap:

Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: PedroKP30 em 29 de Março de 2013, 17:51

Toyota 2000 GT                      1966-1970                    <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>339</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END-->
Toyota Corolla                        1966-1970               <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>859.0</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END-->00
Toyota Corona                        1965-1972            <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>1.788.000</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END-->
Toyota Crown De Luxe             1969-1971               <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>352.8</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END-->82
Toyota Sports 800                   1965-1969                 <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>3.131</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END-->
Toyota Starlet                        1978-1984              <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>950.691</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END-->


Uma pequena atenção, o Toyota Starlet começou em 1974
Título: Re: Marcas - Toyota
Enviado por: Kaizen em 29 de Março de 2013, 21:02
O Starlet foi comercialmente lançado em 1978, conforme a citação do CelicaGTi.

O Starlet de 1973, e não de 1974, é uma extensão comercial da linha de produtos Publica, que nesse ano lançava a geração P4. "Starlet" já era uma extensão do Publica na geração P3 e possivelmente na P2.

Em 1978, aquando do lançamento da geração P6, o nome "Starlet" substitui o nome "Publica" na linha de produtos que é a série P.
Assim, a primeira geração do Starlet é a P6 que foi vendida entre 1978 e 1984.

Edit: Na Europa, o Publica tinha como designação comercial "1000". Em 1978 "Starlet" passou a ser a única designação comercial da linha P em todos os mercados.