Autor Tópico: MAZDA - R360 (KRBB) 1960  (Lida 7466 vezes)

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MAZDA - R360 (KRBB) 1960
« em: 01 de Junho de 2004, 22:41 »
Toyo Cork Kogyo Company, Limited, founded in Hiroshima in 1920 to manufacture products from, well, cork, got out of that business and into vehicle manufacture in the Thirties, starting with a three-wheeled truck, duly dropping "Cork" from the corporate name. Their first car, the Mazda R360 coupe, appeared in 1960, demonstrating from Day One the company's intention to push the technological envelope. The R360 was powered by an air-cooled 356cc V-twin, sitting over the rear wheels; suspension was independent at both ends, and steering was by rack and pinion. Why name a car after a Zoroastian deity? Mostly, I'd guess it's because the last half of "Ahura Mazda", pushed across Japanese palates, sounded very much like "Matsuda", as in Jujiro Matsuda, the former head of the company, and his son Tenuji Matsuda, who took control after his father's death in 1952.

The Mazda R 360 arrived in May, 1960 as a 2-door coupe with a 356 cc 2-cylinder in V OHV air-cooled rear engine. The wheelbase was 176 cm, the length 298 cm, the suspension independent front and rear with rubber springs (torsion). The car was called Mazda 360 Coupe in the export.
By March, 1961 arrived the Mazda B 360 pickup with a wheelbase of 198.5 cm with conventional drivetrain layout using the same engine as the Mazda R 360. A 2-door wagon came in May, 1961. By 1964 this engine was replaced by a 4-cylinder water-cooled OHV 358 cc engine (as used in the Carol). There was a rigid axle with leaf springs at the rear. In the export there has been a Mazda B 600 with a 577 cc 2-cylinder air-cooled OHV engine















MEASUREMENTS:
_Overall Length:2,980mm
_Overall Width:1,290mm
_Overall Height:1,290mm
_Wheel Base:1,760mm
_Tread Front:1,040mm
_Tread Rear:1,100mm
_Road Clearance:180mm

CABIN DIMENSIONS:
_Inside Length:1,245mm
_Inside Width:1,050
_Inside Height:1,040

CAR WEIGHT:380kg

PERFORMANCE:
_Maximum Speed:95km/h (85km/h)
_Min.Turning Radius:4.0m
_Fuel Consumption(with two passengers):32km/l (25km/l)
_Braking Distance:13m(50km/h)

ENGINE:
_Type:Forced Air-cooled,2-Cylinder,4-Cycle,90degree V
_Bore * Stroke:60mm * 63mm
_Piston Displacement:356cc
_Compression Ratio:8.0
_Max.Brake Horsepower:16ps/5300rpm
_Maximum Torque:2.2kg.m/4000rpm

TANK CAPACITY:
_Gasoline:16 liter
_Oil:2.8 liter

DRIVING SYSTEM:
_Clutch:Single Dry Plate (No Clutch)
_Transmission:Synchromesh & Gear Sliding (Torque Converter)
_Reduction Gear:Spiral Bevel
_Reduction Gear Ratio:6.33

STEERING SYSTEM:Rack Pinion

TIRE SIZE:
_Front:4.80-10-2P,ELP
_Rear:4.80-10-2P,ELP

SUSPENTION SYSTEM:
_Suspention:Four Wheel Independent
_Type of Spring:Torsion Rubber
_Shock Absorber:Cylindrical Oil Damper

BRAKE SYSTEM:
_Foot Brake:Hydraulic Internal Expanding Four Wheel
_Hand Brake:Mechanical Internal Expanding Rear Wheel

BODY:Unitary Construction

FRAME:Frameless


Indice - "Microcars"


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Edited by: kombota at: 22/10/07 17:47

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Re: Mazda R360
« Responder #1 em: 03 de Junho de 2006, 23:26 »



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Edited by: kombota at: 22/10/07 17:48

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Re: Mazda R360
« Responder #2 em: 09 de Julho de 2006, 16:16 »


1962 Mazda R-360 Coupe "De Luxe"

Having started as a cork factory, the first roadable products of the Toyo Kogyo group from Hiroshima in 1931 were motorbikes and three-wheeler vans. The first car prototype was developed in 1940, though it took another 20 years before mass production could start. Along with the entire Japanese car industry, the development of Mazda then took off at truly breathtaking speed.

The first model in 1960 was the R-360 (the number indicates the capacity), a coupe that survived until 1970. In 1962, the slightly larger Carol (available with 360 and 600 cc) followed, a car that was similar to the Ford Anglia and had a reverse-angle rear window. In 1964 a convertible complemented the series. One of the reasons Mazda became known in Germany was because of its takeover of the Wankel rotary piston license in 1961 and is still faithfully using and developing this particular combustion engine technology today.

Mazda collaborates extensively with Ford, is still making a Carol for the home market and has shown with its AZ-1 since 1992 that a coupe with folding doors does not have to be called "SL", that it does not have to come from Stuttgart and that it can still be beautiful, despite being 130 inches in length. As with other Japanese vehicles, small cars opened Mazda's door into a higher class market.

Manufacturer: Toyo Kogyo Co., Hiroshima, Japan

micro car museum mazda-r360

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Edited by: kombota at: 22/10/07 17:39

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Re: Mazda R360
« Responder #3 em: 24 de Julho de 2006, 14:17 »

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Re: Mazda R360
« Responder #4 em: 22 de Outubro de 2007, 23:44 »


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« Responder #5 em: 16 de Outubro de 2008, 12:56 »
« Última modificação: 16 de Outubro de 2008, 12:58 por kombota »

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Re: MAZDA - R360 (KRBB) 1960
« Responder #6 em: 18 de Julho de 2011, 15:09 »
Muita pinta num carro tão pequeno... reparem no pormenor do escape...







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Re: MAZDA - R360 (KRBB) 1960
« Responder #7 em: 25 de Outubro de 2012, 15:18 »